10 African Countries with the Most Populous Capital Cities in 2024

Nairobi capital city Kenya

As Africa continues to urbanize at an unprecedented rate, its capital cities are becoming increasingly populous and influential.

These cities are not just administrative hubs but are also vital centers of economic, cultural, and social activities.

Business Insider Africa provides an insightful look into the most populous capital cities in Africa for 2024, highlighting the dynamic growth and development occurring across the continent.

Understanding these urban centers offers a glimpse into the future of Africa’s demographic and economic landscape.

With that being put across, here are the top 10 African countries with the most populous capital cities this year.

List Of Countries in Africa with the Most Populated Capital Cities:

Cairo, Egypt

Leading the list is Cairo with an astounding population of 21.75 million. Known for its rich history and vibrant culture, Cairo remains a central hub for the Arab world.

Kinshasa, DRC

With 15.63 million residents, Kinshasa is a city of contrasts, blending tradition and modernity. Its growth is fueled by a booming economy and a young population.

Luanda, Angola

Luanda, home to 8.95 million people, is rapidly developing, driven by oil revenues and infrastructural investments. This city is a beacon of Angola’s economic ambitions.

Khartoum, Sudan

Khartoum’s population of 6.92 million is a testament to its role as a key player in the region, bridging Africa and the Arab world.

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

As Ethiopia’s political and economic center, Addis Ababa hosts 5.63 million people. The city is pivotal for Africa’s diplomatic and economic activities.

Nairobi, Kenya

Nairobi, with 5.43 million residents, is East Africa’s economic powerhouse. It’s renowned for its innovation, financial services, and as a gateway to Africa’s interior.

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Yaoundé, Cameroon

Yaoundé’s population of 4.38 million reflects its status as Cameroon’s political and cultural heart, playing a critical role in Central Africa.

Kampala, Uganda

With 4.26 million residents, Kampala is known for its vibrant culture and as Uganda’s economic hub, driving growth in the region.

Abuja, Nigeria

Abuja, the planned city, houses 4.16 million people. As Nigeria’s capital, it symbolizes the nation’s unity and political stability.

Dakar, Senegal

Dakar, with 3.94 million residents, is a key port city and cultural hub, influencing West Africa with its rich heritage and economic activities.


These capital cities are not just population centers; they are the beating hearts of their respective countries.

Each city tells a story of growth, resilience, and cultural richness, contributing to Africa’s evolving urban landscape.

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